Caring for canary birds is not a complicated process. Birds in general and canaries, in particular, are a lot easier to maintain than other animals. However, if you think you only need to fill the food tray and water tank, you would be mistaken. You still need to exert some effort to care for your canary properly. Let me show you the essence of keeping your canary happy and healthy.
Housing and furniture
I see many canary owners keep their canary in a small cage. It is not the best idea to confine your bird to a small space, especially if enjoyed by other companions. Small cages limit the bird’s freedom to fly to work out its wings. Also, crowded spaces and small cages can cause the wings to deteriorate from the edges. As a general rule, the bigger the cage, the better. However, if your space and budget are limited, then a cage of 60*40*40 cm would suffice for two canary birds. This cage size also works for breeding.
In terms of furniture, so to speak, you need to make sure perches are spaced out and have different thicknesses to avoid bumblefoot from forming. You need one drinker but make sure you change it daily if possible, even if it remains full.
You should provide your bird with a multivitamin as it cannot get all the nutrition it needs from food. AD3E supplement would suffice. However, a multivitamin with amino acids would be better. Make sure you add nutritional supplements during breeding and molting seasons. Don’t limit your bird’s diet to seeds only; the diet should include fruits, vegetables, and plants. Read the best fruit and vegetables for your pet bird. Finally, buy a cuttlebone to avoid calcium deficiency and keep your canary’s peak sharp and healthy.
Keep the cage clean at all times. Most canary diseases form because of a lack of hygiene. Good hygiene practices include cleaning perches and changing the water daily. Also, keep the floor wire mesh to separate feces from the floor try. Also, wipe the cage wires once in a while with a wet cloth and clean the cage floor with sodium hypochlorite such as Clorox but rinse the area well with warm water after use.
The place where your canary resides is vital for its longevity and remaining health. Avoid anything that stresses the bird. Keep canaries away from loud music, pets such as cats, kids, and aerosols such as perfume and other chemicals even if they smell nice. Also, don’t chase the bird to catch unless it is necessary to do so. Additionally, the bird should sleep with sunset and wake up with the sunrise. Never let your bird stay up late or sleep irregular hours. This will impact the health of your birds over time.
Bathing and tanning
You read this right. Birds love to bathe and tan in the sunshine. Discover the importance of bathing for birds here. You should buy a swimming try for your bird, or you can add a plate and fill it with water. As for tanning, you must leave a shady area to protect your bird from direct sunlight. Otherwise, the bird may suffer from heatstroke and die. Tanning is essential for feather health and for the body to synthesize vitamin D. Your canary will open up its feather to let the sunlight penetrate the feathers and reach the skin.
You should pay extra attention during molt. The body consumes more energy and requires more nutrition, especially protein, to go through molt successfully. Poorly fed canaries, especially during the molting season, will result in poor feather development and a weak bird prone to disease. If you care well for your canary during molt by feeding a balanced diet high in protein and other nutrients, you won’t notice much difference in behavior and activity.
Health and illness
Spot any signs of illness early to expedite treatment. A healthy bird is alert and active most of the time except during molt. A dull or buffed and inactive bird is one of the common early signs of a sick bird. However, canaries may buff their feathers to stay warm on a cold day, especially during the night.
They also become less active during molt as this yearly process takes a lot from their energy reserves, so canaries save up by moving less. However, if you feed well, your bird should remain healthy and more active than usual during molt. During molt also birds stop singing, and this is normal. As the end of molt season approaches, canaries gradually resume singing, intensifying as the breeding season approaches.
Very important to check your birds now and then. 4 body parts you should check monthly footpad, nails, eyes, and vent. Nails should not overgrow. Otherwise, the long nails may get stuck between cage wires. The footpad should be checked to make sure no bumblefoot is forming. Birds can also develop many eye conditions such as cataracts and other eye-related diseases or conditions. Checking the eye for abnormalities is a good idea. The bird’s eye should be clear and shiny with full feathers covering the edges.
And this is how you care for your canary, Good luck!